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Grain Boundary Mobility Control: A Case Study in Zirconia Ceramics
2018-05-21 13:21:27 | 【 【打印】【关闭】

SEMINAR 

The State Key Lab of 

  High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure 

  Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences 

       

 
 

 

  Grain Boundary Mobility Control: A Case Study in Zirconia Ceramics  

    

  Yanhao Dong 

  Massachusetts Institute of Technology  

    

  时间:2018523日(星期三)9:00 

  地点:长宁园区4号楼14楼第一会议室 

        

  欢迎广大科研人员和研究生参与讨论! 

  联系人:黄富强52411620 

    

  报告摘要:  

  Competition between densification and coarsening is the key issue in ceramic sintering, which requires a rational design of grain boundary mobility within the applicable processing window. Using zirconia as a model system, we demonstrate a facile control of grain boundary mobility over orders of magnitude, via conventional state variables including temperature, atmosphere and electric field. Specifically, >1,000 times enhanced mobility can be obtained by (electro-)chemical reduction, indicating greatly accelerated cation diffusion by cation reduction and novel electron-phonon interactions on ion dynamics as proved by first-principles simulations. On the other hand, a rapid mobility quench has been observed in cubic zirconia, suppressing grain growth kinetics and enabling two-step sintering to fabricate nano-grain ceramics. A generalized mean-field growth theory echoes with our observations, addressing a critical role of multi-grain junctions which were previously unaware of. To conclude, we believe there is plenty of room in ceramic’s processing and microstructural control, where mechanistic understandings from continuum to atomistic scale are of vital importance. 

    

  主讲人简介:  

  Yanhao Dong is now a postdoctoral researcher at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He obtained his BS degree in materials science in 2012 from Tsinghua University, and his MS degree in materials science in 2014, his MS degree in applied mechanics in 2015, and his PhD degree in material science in 2017, all from the University of Pennsylvania. His PhD dissertation focused on cation diffusion in zirconia ceramics, covering from phenomenological sintering and grain growth experiments to continuum-level solution of transport and growth theory to atomistic simulation of defect energetics and kinetics. He received the inaugural Global Distinguished Doctoral Dissertation Award from the American Ceramic Society, Best Paper Award from Journal of the American Ceramic Society and Outstanding Reviewers Award from Scripta Materialia. His current research interest is on ceramics and functional oxides for energy application. 

 
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